How do I install Ubuntu on a new machine?

Viet-Anh maintains this note as an instruction to install Ubuntu on a new machine and setup development environment as fast as possible. This note contains my autonomous scripts, and instructions to install necessary packages that I often use.

  • Supported Ubuntu versions: 16.04 -> 20.04. These instructions may work with other versions too.

Install most packages using a script

Below is my script to quickly install my environment with popular packages. You can copy and modify it a little to fit yours. You can save this script as install_ubuntu.sh and use command sh install_ubuntu.sh to install these packages.

 1#!/bin/sh
 2
 3# Update the system
 4sudo apt update && sudo apt full-upgrade
 5
 6# Basic packages
 7sudo apt install -y p7zip-full unrar gparted wget build-essential curl git
 8
 9# Java
10sudo apt install -y default-jre
11
12# Chrome
13wget https://dl.google.com/linux/direct/google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
14sudo dpkg -i google-chrome-stable_current_amd64.deb
15sudo apt install -y gnome-shell-extensions gnome-shell-extensions
16
17# VS Code
18sudo apt update
19wget -q https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
20sudo add-apt-repository "deb [arch=amd64] https://packages.microsoft.com/repos/vscode stable main"
21sudo apt install -y code
22
23# Utils
24sudo apt install -y nano net-tools sshpass
25
26# Docker
27sudo apt-get update
28sudo apt-get install -y \
29    apt-transport-https \
30    ca-certificates \
31    curl \
32    gnupg-agent \
33    software-properties-common
34curl -fsSL https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu/gpg | sudo apt-key add -
35sudo add-apt-repository \
36   "deb [arch=amd64] https://download.docker.com/linux/ubuntu \
37   $(lsb_release -cs) \
38   stable"
39sudo apt update
40sudo apt -y install docker-ce docker-ce-cli containerd.io
41
42# Docker-compose
43sudo curl -L "https://github.com/docker/compose/releases/download/1.24.0/docker-compose-$(uname -s)-$(uname -m)" -o /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
44sudo chmod +x /usr/local/bin/docker-compose
45
46# Gimp, VLC
47sudo apt install -y gimp vlc
48
49# Skype
50wget https://go.skype.com/skypeforlinux-64.deb
51sudo dpkg -i skypeforlinux-64.deb 
52sudo apt install -y -f
53
54# Miniconda
55wget https://repo.anaconda.com/miniconda/Miniconda3-latest-Linux-x86_64.sh
56bash Miniconda3-latest-Linux-x86_64.sh
57
58# Config Github
59git config --global user.name "Viet Anh Nguyen"
60git config --global user.email "vietanh.dev@gmail.com"
61
62# Fonts
63git clone https://github.com/vietanhdev/my-fonts
64cd my-fonts && bash install_all_fonts.sh

Setup other packages

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